At a distance of 56 km from Trichy, 112 km from Chidambaram, 86 km from Nagapattinam, 170 km from Madurai, 326 km from Chennai, Thanjavur, also known as Tanjore, is a city and districtheadquarters in the state of Tamil Nadu. Thanjavur is famous for the Brihadeeswarar Templebuilt by Rajaraja Chola in the year 1010 AD. Also known as the Big Temple, it is one of UNESCOWorld History Places/locations in India and also one of the popular places to experinceTamilnadu Tourism.
Located on the banks of River Cauvery, Thanjavur has a rich historical history and is a prism ofvery old as well as the modern south Indian cities/people. The city was once the stronghold ofthe historic Cholas and at one time was also the capital of the Cholas, Mutharayars and Marathaswhen they were at the peak of their power. Since then, Thanjavur has been one of the chiefpolitical, cultural and religious centers of South India.
Thanjavur became the most important city in the Chola Empire and remained its capital till thecoming into view of Gangaikonda Cholapuram in about 1025. During the first ten years of theeleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985-1014) built the Brihadeeswarar Temple. The temple is carefully thought about/believed to be one of the best medical samples/examplesof South Indian temple (related to the beautiful design and construction of buildings, etc.).
Thanjavur is one of the older cities in Tamil Nadu and has a lot of importance in Dravidianhistory. Thanjavur was eventually added to the end along with the rest of the Chola kingdom bythe Pandya king Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I in 1279. Later it went into the hands of DelhiSultanate from whom Vijayanagara rulers have won (by force). It was ruled by/managed byThanjavur Nayaks under Vijayanagara suzerainty. Thanjavur was successfully won (by force) byEkoji I in 1674, the Maratha fightatory of the Nawab of Bijapur and half-brother of Shivaji. Ekojifounded the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom which ruled Thanjavur till 1855. The kingdom waseventually soaked up (like a towel) into British India in 1855 by the Idea/belief of Lapse whenShivaji II (1832-55), the last Thanjavur Maratha ruler, died without a male heir.
Apart from Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur and the surrounding areas have (more than two, but not a lot of) important tourist attractions like Thanjavur Palace, Kumbakonam, Darasuram, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Thiruvaiyaru, Thirubuvanam, etc.
It usually takes a full day to visit the places within Thanjavur town. Thanjavur is also famous formetal sculptures molded with great facial expressions and beautiful finish.