Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves) are partly natural and partly (not made by nature/fake) caves of (related to studying people who lived a very long time ago), historical and religious importance near the cityof Bhubaneswar in Orissa, India. The caves are located on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, talked about/said as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha written saying and face each other acrossthe road.
They have some finely and beautifully carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves werecarved out huge (where there are lots of homes) blocks for the Jain monks, during the rule ofKing Kharavela. Udayagiri meaning Sunrise Hill, has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves.
The caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri, called lena or lea¹‡a in the written sayings, were dug outmostly during the rule of Kharavela for the home of Jaina (people who live very plainly). The mostimportant of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed (place where religious people live by themselves). Unfortunately, some the Jaina caves on the Khandagiri sidehave invasion problems, with local Brahmins turning them into Hindu shrines and covering upsome of the Jaina (symbols of things).