At a distance of 464 km from Chennai, 136 km from Trichy, 169 km from Thanjavur, 170 km fromRameswaram, 114 km from Kodaikanal & 209 km from Coimbatore, Madurai is the third largestcity in Tamilnadu and one of the most famous centers of holy trip in India and also the most important site of history in Tamil Nadu. The city is very well known for Madurai MeenakshiTemple and is one of the top Places to visit in Tamilnadu.
Located on the banks of the River Vaigai, Madurai is also referred to as Athens of the East andTemple Town. Madhurai is the oldest constantly lived-in city in the Indian peninsula, with ahistory dating all the way back to the Sangam period of the pre-Christian time in history. It hasbeen lived in since at least the 3rd century BCE. It is carefully thought about/believed as thecultural capital of Tamilnadu.
Madurai was the seat of power of the Pandyan Empire. It was built by the Pandyan kingKulasekhara and was the capital city of the great Pandya kings of South India. It was later ruledby Cholas, Later Pandyas, Madurai Sultanate, Vijayanagara, Madurai Nayaks and finally British. Pandyas and Nayaks added/gave hugely to the development of Meenakshi Amman Temple andMadurai city.
Meenakshi Amman Temple (known as Madhurai Meenakshi) is the biggest (easily-seen, famous object/very important event) of Madurai. It is one of the largest temples in India. The temple hasa stunning (related to the beautiful design and construction of buildings, etc.) and a significantstatements (in court) for Vishwakarma Brahmins for their master (related to the beautiful design and construction of buildings, etc.) in sculpting this temple. The core city of Madurai is builtparallel to the streets of Madhurai Temple.
Along with Meenakshi Temple, Thirumalai Nayak Mahal & Koodal Alagar Temple are otherimportant places to visit in Madurai. Madurai is also a base station to visit Trichy, Thanjavur, Rameswaram and kodaikanal.
The Sangam period poet Nakkeerar is related to some of the Tiruvilayaadal episodes ofSundareswarar – that are (did/done/put into law) as a part of temple special celebration (with fun events) traditions even today.
Madurai has (more than two, but not a lot of) bus stations. Most of the long distance buses andinter-state buses start from Mattuthavani Bus Last point/end (8 km from Railway Station). Busesto Chennai, Bangalore, Trichy, Rameswaram, Thanjavur, Tirupathi, etc start from here. Arappalayam Bus Station is another major bus station (3 km from Railway Station) withconnectivity to Kodaikanal, Palani, Theni, Dundigal, etc. Periyar bus station near Railway station isthe hub for local city buses.